BATTLE AT MARMITON (MARMATON) RIVER – OCTOBER 25, 1864
(a.k.a. CHARLOT’S FARM or SHILOH CREEK)
Last battle of CSA Gen. Price’s 1864 raid into Missouri. Price’s army was broken by this time, and it was simply a question of how many men could escape to the South. CSA Cavalry Gen. Marmaduke, a future governor of Missouri, was captured by Union forces earlier in the day at the Battle of Mine Creek.
Forces Engaged: Union: 2 Brigades vs. CSA 1 Division
Marker Location: Emery’s Truck Stop, 7490 E. 54 Hwy., Deerfield; Lawrence Cemetery, 3½ miles north of Stotesbury, Mo.
Stamp Location: Bushwhacker Museum, when staff available.
Address: 212 West Walnut, Nevada, Mo. 64772
Phone Number: 417-667-9602
Staff Available: May 1-Oct 31, Wed-Fri: 10 am-4 pm and Sat: 10 am-1 pm ; Nov 1-Apr 30, by appointment only, Mon-Fri: 8 am-5 pm
Visit Fee: Museum tour fee: $5/adults; $2/children 12-17; $1/children <12; Fee not required for stamp.
Click here for a tour of the battlefield from TheCivilWarMuse.com, which is tour stop #6 of the tour, “Price’s Retreat from Westport.”
(Photo courtesy of Library of Congress, accessed via CivilWarontheWesternBorder.com)
INTERIOR DEPT. SUMMARY: Following the Battle of Mine Creek, Maj. Gen. Sterling Price continued his cartage towards Fort Scott. In late afternoon of October 25, Price’s supply train had difficulty crossing the Marmiton River ford and, like at Mine Creek, Price had to make a stand. Brig. Gen. John S. McNeil, commanding two brigades of Pleasonton’s cavalry division, attacked the Confederate troops that Price and his officers rallied, included a sizable number of unarmed men. McNeil observed the sizable Confederate force, not knowing that many of them were unarmed, and refrained from an all out assault. After about two hours of skirmishing, Price continued his retreat and McNeil could not mount an effective pursuit. Price’s army was broken by this time, and it was simply a question of how many men he could successfully evacuate to friendly territory.
Principal Commanders: Brig. Gen. John H. McNeil [US]; Maj. Gen. Sterling Price [CS]
Estimated Casualties: Unknown
Result: Union victory