BATTLE OF NEWTONIA II – OCTOBER 28, 1864
Last battle of the Civil War fought in Missouri; a delaying action fought by CSA Brig. Gen. Shelby’s cavalry in an effort to cover Gen. Price’s retreat into Arkansas after his failed 1864 raid into Missouri.
Forces Engaged: Union 1,500 vs. CSA 2,000
Stamp Location: Battlefield and the Ritchey Mansion
Address: 520 Mill Street, Stark City, Mo. 64866
Phone Numbers: 417-389-2719, 417-540-1574 (Jim), 417-437-5974 (Tom). Please call ahead.
Staff Available: Not regularly staffed; site accessible evenings and weekends; tours available upon request. Call 417-540-1574 (Jim); 417-437-5974 (Tom); or 417-437-5324 (George).
Visit Fee: None
Alternative Stamp Location: Philliber House/Card & Gift Shop, 827 Spring St., Newtonia, Mo 64866, phone 417-472-6116
Click on the link below for a battle summary from the American Battlefield Trust’s website. “The Newtonia Battlefields Protection Association preserves and interprets the Matthew H. Ritchey home and 25 acres of surrounding 1862 and 1864 battlefields. Most of the battlefield is on private lands. The Ritchey home served as both Union and Confederate headquarters at different times during the battles.” —American Battlefield Trust
(Photo: Matthew H. Ritchie Home, 2013, National Park Service)
This battlefield is tour stop #7 in Price’s retreat from Westport on TheCivilWarMuse.com
INTERIOR DEPT. SUMMARY: Price’s force was in full retreat following its expedition into Missouri. On October 28, 1864, it stopped to rest about two miles south of Newtonia, Missouri. Soon afterward, Maj. Gen. James G. Blunt’s Union troops surprised the Confederates and began to drive them. Brig. Gen. Joe Shelby’s division, including his Iron Brigade, rode to the front, dismounted, and engaged the Yankees while the other Rebel troops retreated towards Indian Territory. Brig. Gen. John B. Sanborn later appeared with Union reinforcements which convinced Shelby to retire. The Union troops forced the Confederates to retreat but failed to destroy or capture them.
Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. James G. Blunt [US]; Maj. Gen. Sterling Price [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 650 total (US 400; CS 250)
Result: Union victory